The right to food is the right to to have regular, permanent and unobstructed access, either directly or by means of financial purchases, quantitatively and qualitatively adequate and sufficient food corresponding to the cultural traditions of the people to which the consumer belongs, and which ensures a physical and mental, individual and collective, fulfilling and dignified life free from anxiety. (Special Rapporteur of the CHR on the Right to Food)
The National Food Security Bill, when passed into law, is envisaged to establish the pillars of food security, availability, accessibility, utilization, and accountability, explicitly mentioned in the aforementioned definition to ensure progressive realization of the right to food. As a legal framework, specific and more detailed measures could be designed, including agricultural policy, access to water, safety nets, education on nutrition, and regulation on food production, distribution, quality, and safety.
The passage of a law on the right to food is founded by imperatives. Respect, Protect, and Fulfill are three different levels of government’s obligation. A humane and just society put forth inalienability and inviolability vis-à-vis indivisibility, interrelatedness, and interdependence as utmost considerations in cognizance of its moral underpinnings. It is a grave human rights violation when the government undervalues the importance of passing an explicit domestic law ensuring the implementation of its international and constitutional obligations to guarantee peoples’ right to food. Moreover, the government basically holds the responsibility and accountability to concretize this fundamental entitlement of its people.