The Targeted Public Distribution System is viewed as safety-net ensuring availability and accessibility of basic commodities i.e., wheat, rice, sugar, and kerosene, to the poor, at affordable prescribed prices through Fair Price Shops (FPSs).
Under the scheme, every household is a given a ration card corresponding to a category. Categories of households - below the poverty line and above the poverty line – are entitled of 35 kilograms of food-grain a month at higher cost for APL.
The TPDS is operated hand-in-hand by the Central Government and the State Government. The former is responsible for procurement, storage, transportation, and allocation of commodities. The latter on the other hand, is responsible for distributing the commodities to claim-holders through FPSs. Also, it undertakes the identification of BLP households vis-a-vis issuance of ration cards, and the supervision including the monitoring of FPSs.
The quota on the distribution of commodities for each state is determined by the Planning Commission in reference to the National Sample Survey Organisation’s (NSSO) Consumption Expenditure Surveys (CES).
TPDS Court Order Summary
- Both BPL and APL are entitled to 35 kg of food-grain at subsidized price.
- A fixed address is not a requirement to get a ration card. Homeless people are entitled to avail ration cards.
- Corruption committed under PDS is commensurate of a criminal case under the Essential Commodities Act.
- An eligible person denied of the BPL-TPDS card can apply to an Appellate Authority in a district within 30 days after the incidence happen. The concerned authority shall merit the decision within 60 days as possible. Till the appeal is pending, the aggrieved person shall be issued a temporary BPL-TPDS card.
- The monthly ration shall be made available in instalments.
- It is the legal duty of all Fair Price Shop owner to:
- keep their shops open regularly
- charge only the prescribed price
- give the BPL cards to card-holders and not keep them at FPS
- not to make false entries in the BPL cards
- not to store or sell the food-grain in open market
- not to hand-over an FPS to other person/organization.
- The license of a shop-owner who does not comply with the above provisions shall be cancelled.
- Essential Commodities Act (pdf)
- TPDS Control Orders:
- PDS Control Order, 2001, Government of India (pdf)
- Amendments of 2001 PDS Control Order, 2004, Government of India (pdf)
- PDS Control Order, 2004, Government of Chhattisgarh (pdf)
- Amendments of 2004 PDS Control Order, 2006, Government of Chhattisgarh (pdf)
- The Orissa PDS Control Order, 2008 (pdf)
- Wadhwa Report
- Raipur Declaration on the Public Distribution Systems (pdf)
- Supreme Court Orders on TPDS