Introduced in 1975, the Integrated Child Development Services offers a package of services to address the development needs of children under six years of age including pregnant and nursing women and adolescent girls.
Health care, growth monitoring, immunization, supplementary nutrition and pre-school education are parts of these services directed to Anganwadi Centers (AWC).
Under this programme, children six years old and below, are entitled to 500 calories and 12-15 grams of protein. Undernourished children are guaranteed to avail 800 calories and 20-25 grams of protein regularly while, pregnant and lactating women are entitled to 600 calories of energy and 18-20 grams of protein a day. The said supplementary nutrition shall be distributed in the form of micronutrient fortified food and/or energy dense food as take home rations (THR).
The ICDS is sponsored by the central government excluding the cost of supplementary nutrition. Fifty percent (50%) of which is supported by state governments except in North Eastern Region – state governments are supporting 90 percent (90%) of its cost. In 2009, allocation per child on supplementary nutrition is raised from Rs. 2 to Rs. 4 under normal weight category, Rs. 2.70 to Rs. 6 per child for those under severely underweight category, and Rs. 2.30 to Rs. 5 for pregnant and lactating women.
ICDS Court Order Summary
- Supplementary nutrition shall be provided to every child under six, adolescent girl, and pregnant woman and nursing mother for 300 days in a year. (SC Order dated 29 April 2004)
- The package of services under ICDS including immunization, health education, pre-school education, and supplementary nutrition must be provided to all children six years old and below, adolescent girls, and pregnant women and nursing mothers. (SC Order dated 13 December 2006)
- Efforts must be made to ensure that all SC/ST habitations in the country shall, as early as possible, have operational AWCs. Similar efforts shall also be made to ascertain that all urban slums have AWCs. (SC Order dated 07 October 2004)
- All State/UTs shall make earnest effort to ensure that slums are covered by ICDS program of services. (SC Order dated 07 October 2004)
- The Central Government and States/UTs shall ensure that all amounts allocated for supplementary nutrition program are sanctioned in time to prevent disruption of the programme on the ground. (SC Order dated 7 October 2004)
- All State Governments/UTs shall make available in their websites full data on ICDS including the location of operational AWCS, the number of beneficiaries category-wise, the funds allocated and used, and other related details. (SC Order dated 07 October 2004)
- Private contractors shall be banned from supplying the supplementary nutrition. Instead, local women’s self-help groups (SHGs) and Mahila Mandals shall be encouraged to supply the supplementary food distributed in AWCs. (SC Order dated 07 October 2004)
- The below the poverty line (BPL) status of a family shall not be a criterion for accessing the ICDS. (SC Order dated 07 October 2004)
- Every community, in rural or in urban areas, where there are more than 40 children under the age of six, is entitled to have an ACW. (SC Order dated 13 December 2006)
- Every settlement, in rural areas and urban slums, must be covered with AWCs. (SC Order dated 13 December 2006)
- Nutrition and feeding norms shall be altered to ensure the following: children between 6 months and 3 years of age have to avail through SNP 500 calories and 12-15 grams of protein; severely malnourished children, 800 calories and 20-25 grams of protein; and pregnant women and lactating mothers, 600 calories and 18-20 grams of protein. (SC Order dated 22 April 2009)
- ICDS Primer, December 2007 (pdf)
- External Reports
- Commissioners Reports on ICDS
- Supreme Court Orders on ICDS