Apart from the pleadings of the petitioner, and the replies and reports of union territories and state governments, the justices of the Supreme Court, in its deliberations relies significantly on reports submitted by the Commissioners. On the other hand, the Commissioners depend for information from State Advisers’ reports.
The role of the Commissioners’ State Advisers stems from the 28 November 2004 Order of the Supreme Court which states that: “…The Commissioners shall be at liberty to take the assistance of individuals and/or organizations from States and Union Territories. All officials are directed to fully cooperate with any persons/organizations (engaged by the Commissioners), to bring about effective monitoring and implementation of the orders of this Court.”
The Advisers “extend the reach” of the Commissioners and serve as a bridge between the Commissioners, the state governments, and various citizens’ groups on the ground. Specifically, the functions of the Advisers include: a) sending periodic report to the Commissioners; b) conducting enquiries in response to local complaints; c) sending appeals to the Commissioners for intervention whenever required; d) organizing conduct of research and surveys; e) working towards a more effective monitoring and redress system and; f) liaising with State Governments in behalf of the Commissioners. The role of Advisers is not rigid and specific, and their activities are wide-ranging. Further discussions of these functions are contained in the State Advisers Manual.